Life on Land

Human life depends on the Earth as much as the ocean for our sustenance and livelihoods. Plant life, contributing 80 percent to the human diet, forms a critical foundation, with agriculture serving as a vital economic resource. Forests, covering 30 percent of the Earth’s surface, play a crucial role by providing habitats for millions of species and serving as essential sources of clean air and water. Additionally, they are pivotal in combating climate change.

However, the alarming reality is that every year witnesses the loss of 13 million hectares of forests, while persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares, disproportionately affecting impoverished communities. Despite 15 percent of the land being protected, biodiversity remains at risk, with nearly 7,000 species of animals and plants being illegally traded. Wildlife trafficking not only undermines biodiversity but also contributes to insecurity, fuels conflict, and fosters corruption.

Urgent action is imperative to curb the loss of natural habitats and biodiversity, both essential components of our shared heritage. These natural elements support global food and water security, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and contribute to peace and security. As stewards of the Earth, it is our collective responsibility to address these challenges and preserve the invaluable resources that sustain life on our planet.